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A canker sore is usually a small, shallow open wound (or ulcer) in your mouth. They may occur on the tongue, inside linings of the cheeks, lips, even throat. The sore appears to be white, gray, or yellow in color and has a red border. While these are usually harmless, it can be very painful and make it difficult to talk or eat properly. Some people may even experience symptoms like bleeding gums, lumps on gums and painful gums, related to blisters. It may also cause mild fever. There are a few types of canker sores you must know about:
- Minor canker sores may show up at least three to four times a year. They typically occur in people of ages 10 to 20. These sores or blisters are less than 1 centimeter across and heal in about a week with no scarring.
- Major canker sores are less common. In this case the ulcers are bigger and can last more than 2 weeks. They are extremely painful and often heal but leave a scar.
- Herpetiform canker sores are the rarest and show up as clusters of tiny ulcers in the mouth or tongue. They may take longer to heal.
The causes of tongue blisters
If you are suffering from tongue blisters, they can be pretty hard to ignore. They may bother you and make it really uncomfortable to speak or eat.
Here are some of the most common causes:
- Trauma, such as biting down hard on your tongue can be extremely painful, eating something very hot that burns your tongue or grinding your teeth can cause blisters.
- Inflammation, such as a white or red bump is sometimes the cause and it means you have swollen taste buds which can be painful. They usually clear up in a few days on their own.
- Experiencing stress or anxiety may be a cause for these as well. You may even be undergoing hormonal changes.
- Food sensitivity or allergy is a major cause. Try and avoid spicy foods, acidic food and certain other foods like, raw fruits, vegetables, and certain tree nuts.
- Smoking and even quitting smoking can cause tongue pain.
- Vitamin deficiency and anemia also results in sore tongue. If your body is deficient in vitamin B-12, iron, or folate, vitamin B-12, your tongue may also be beefy red in color. Low levels of zinc can cause a burning tongue. You must eat a well-balanced diet and take supplements regularly.
- Tongue blisters are sometimes caused due to cold as well.
Natural remedies for tongue blisters
- Honey - It has several beneficial properties which are an effective cure for mouth ulcers. Apply honey on the ulcers or blisters and let it stay. Honey has antimicrobial properties and can repair any open wound quickly.
- Baking soda paste - It must be made by mixing in equal amounts with water. Apply it to the blister and let it dry out. Rinse your mouth with plain water and gargle as well. Baking soda is actually a chemical compound named sodium bicarbonate and acts as one of the best mouth ulcer cures. It can reduce the pain significantly and neutralizes the acid formed by the ulcer.
- Coconut oil – It has healing properties when it comes to blisters. Simply apply a bit of coconut oil to the surface of the ulcer and let it stay on. It acts as an anti-inflammatory and analgesic treatment for your mouth ulcers.
- Saltwater gargle- It is also a very helpful remedy. It can soothe some of the pain and discomfort. The antiseptic properties of salt are well known to us.
- Toothpaste - It contains antimicrobial properties and can reduce the swelling and pain of mouth ulcers.
- Vitamin intake - Having orange juice is a good idea, it is a great source of Vitamin C, which can prevent and aid mouth ulcers.
- Clove oil - It is another natural remedy. It contains eugenol and antimicrobial properties.
- Turmeric powder – It is an antiseptic and is effective in battling against the inflammation and pain from mouth ulcers.
- Garlic – It is another common remedy, it is antimicrobial and helps against a range of infections.
- Apple cider vinegar – It has antibacterial properties that will kill the germs and speeds up your recovery.
- Ice - Sucking on ice can also effectively ease the discomfort. It is easy and doable.
Pain medication for tongue blisters
There are always over the counter medicines you can have to reduce your pain. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as ibuprofen, could help reduce swelling. There are topical gels that numb the affected area. You may need a prescription to buy stronger topical gels. A good prescribed mouthwash can be very helpful. Make sure you are not using a cosmetic mouthwash. Antibiotics are always there to cure a bacterial infection. It is best to see a doctor when the pain is severe and you need medication.
Ulcers or blisters can happen to anyone, irrespective of their age, it generally heals after a week or two with no other treatment required. However, if the pain is unbearable, you may take over-the-counter pain medications, consult a doctor if the condition worsens or doesn’t get better. It is best to follow the precautionary measures that may help prevent mouth sores, like, eat slowly and chew food thoroughly, use a soft toothbrush and practice regular dental hygiene, eat a balanced and wholesome diet, stay well hydrated, quit smoking and limit consumption of alcohol.
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