What Is I-Pill? What Are the I-Pill Tablet Side Effects?


I-pill is an emergency oral contraception made from levonorgestrel as its base. It is a tablet that prevents unplanned pregnancies in the event of unprotected intercourse or failure of birth control. Ideally, the I-pill should be consumed as soon as possible or within 72 hours after unprotected sex. You cannot use it in place of regular contraceptive methods. It does not prevent the transmission of STDs such as HIV/AIDS. I-Pill is unsafe for pregnant women, breastfeeding, allergic to levonorgestrel, or having certain medical conditions.

What Happens After Taking I-Pill?

How well the tablet will work depends on how soon you take the tablet after unprotected intercourse. It is 95% effective when consumed within the first 24 hours. The percentage drops to 85 when taken 24 to 48 hours later. However, the effectiveness reduces to 58% or less if taken between 49 and 72 hours. The effectiveness wears off over time. However, it can still reduce the risk of pregnancy up to 120 hours or five days after unprotected sex.

What Happens After Taking I-Pill During Your Period?

It is not safe to take an I-Pill during your period. It can disrupt your cycle and cause abnormal bleeding. The I-Pill is supposed to stop ovulation or fertilization, which may not occur during periods. Taking the I-pill causes withdrawal bleeding, which happens a few days after. This type of bleeding can be confused with your regular periods, making tracking the menstrual cycle difficult.

Are There Any I-Pill Tablet Side Effects?

The I-pill can cause some side effects because it contains a high dose of levonorgestrel which affects the normal functioning of the reproductive system. These side effects are usually mild and temporary and should subside within a few days. You should consult your doctor for further assistance if they persist or worsen. Here are some of the most possible I-Pill tablet side effects -

  • Nausea and vomiting: These are common I-Pill tablet side effects. Levonorgestrel can irritate the stomach lining and trigger the vomiting center in the brain.
  • Stomach pain or cramps: Another I-Pill tablet side effect is that it can cause contractions of the uterus and the smooth muscles of the digestive tract.
  • Diarrhea: I-Pill can disrupt water absorption and electrolytes in the intestines, leading to loose stools.
  • Dizziness or headache: This happens because of levonorgestrel’s effect on the blood vessels, blood pressure, and fluid balance in the body.
  • Breast tenderness or soreness: The pill may cause stimulation of the breast tissue, which can cause swelling and sensitivity.
  • Fatigue or weakness: The pill can also impact the metabolism, energy levels, and sleep quality.
  • Reaction to other medicines: The I-Pill may react with other medications such as antibiotics, antifungals, anticonvulsants, antiretrovirals, etc. You should consult your doctor before taking I-Pill if you use any of these medications.
  • Irregular menstruation or spotting: The levonorgestrel interferes with the normal hormonal cycle that regulates ovulation and menstruation. It can cause bleeding or spotting between periods, delayed or early periods, or missed periods.

Some individuals may experience more severe side effects, such as abdominal pain, heavy vaginal bleeding, or allergic reactions. If any of these severe side effects occur, it is essential to seek immediate medical attention. It's worth noting that the side effects and their duration can vary from person to person, and while most people tolerate the I-Pill well, some may experience more discomfort than others.

How Long Do the Side Effects Last?

I-Pill side effects can vary in duration depending on the person and their body's response to the medication. But usually, the common side effects, such as nausea, vomiting, dizziness, breast tenderness, and fatigue, typically subside within a few days after taking the pill.

Changes in your menstrual cycle that cause irregular periods or spotting may last briefly, usually until the next menstrual cycle. However, it is essential to note that some individuals may experience lingering side effects or reactions that persist for longer. If severe side effects occur, like intense abdominal pain or heavy vaginal bleeding, they should be addressed promptly by consulting a gynecologist.

What are the Benefits of Using I-Pill?

  • I-Pill is easy to use and does not require a prescription. You can take it within 72 hours of unprotected sex; the sooner, the better. It provides a convenient and accessible option for those who may have had unprotected intercourse or experienced contraceptive failure.
  • The I-Pill helps prevent unwanted pregnancies and offers peace of mind during moments of uncertainty. It empowers individuals to take control of their reproductive health and make responsible choices when regular contraception methods have failed or were not used.
  • It does not have any long-term effects on your fertility or menstrual cycle. It will not affect your future chances of getting pregnant or cause any congenital disabilities if you are already pregnant. It is a safe and temporary option.

Are There Any Alternatives to I-Pill Tablet?

There are a few alternatives that you can consider. One common alternative is the Copper Intrauterine Device (IUD), which can be inserted by a healthcare professional up to five days after unprotected intercourse or contraceptive failure. The Copper IUD is highly effective and can provide long-term contraceptive benefits. Some regular birth control pills can be used in higher doses as an emergency contraceptive measure, but this should be resorted to strictly under medical guidance. It's important to remember that emergency contraceptives are not meant to be used as regular birth control methods, and you should consult a doctor to find the most suitable option for you.

Conclusion: Should You Take I-Pill Regularly?

It is not safe to take I-Pill regularly. It is for emergency purposes only and is not a substitute for regular birth control. The I-Pill contains a high concentration of hormones that change your body's hormonal response when consumed frequently. The pill should only be used as a last resort and never more than twice a month. You should also consult your doctor before taking I-Pill to ensure it is safe and suitable.