What Causes Lipomas - The Reasons Explained


What Is Lipoma?

A lipoma means a round or oval-shaped mass of tissue that develops just under the skin's surface. It is composed of fat, is flexible to the touch, and typically doesn't hurt. These masses may emerge in regions with fat cells and usually increase on the neck, chest, back, shoulders, arms, and thighs. Sometimes, they can develop internally, and their presence might go unnoticed.

Lipomas are harmless tumours of the soft tissues. They are not malignant and grow slowly. Generally, individuals tend to develop only one or two tumours. However, in certain instances, some people may develop numerous tumours, often associated with rare inherited conditions like familial multiple lipomatosis. Treating lipomas is usually not necessary. If you're uncomfortable with your lipoma, you can opt for surgical intervention.

What Causes Lipoma?

Lipoma reasons are not fully understood, but their tendency to run in families suggests a significant role for genetic factors in their development. Here are some reasons for the causes of lipoma:


A person's likelihood of developing lipomas appears to be significantly influenced by their genetics. Genetic problems are linked to around two-thirds of instances, there are gene or chromosomal mutations, rearrangements, or deletions.


When a person's body fat percentage has significantly increased. This may raise a person's risk of these tumours, particularly if they already have other risk factors.


A direct impact on a specific area. Research indicates that experiencing a direct impact on a region of soft tissue, such as being struck or landing forcefully on a particular area, may elevate the likelihood of developing these tumours.

Numerous inherited lipomatosis:

A rare disorder characterised by many lipomas affecting the arms, legs, or abdomen that is thought to run in families.

Diabetes mellitus:

A chronic disorder marked by abnormally high blood sugar (or glucose) levels due to insufficient insulin production by the pancreas. Diabetes can be associated with other conditions, like Madelung's disease, which are also linked to these tumours.

Madelung’s disease:

This uncommon illness, often referred to as multiple symmetric lipomatosis, is represented by growths in the upper abdomen, including the arms, neck, chest, and shoulders. It predominantly impacts middle-aged men of Mediterranean descent who have a background of prolonged or significant alcohol consumption.

Gender and Age:

Individuals between the ages of 40 and 60 are more likely to have lipomas, and they lean slightly toward women. Age-related changes in hormones and metabolism may play a role in the development of these tumours, although the reasons for this age-gender correlation, and Lipoma reasons in particular, remain unclear.

Absence of Movement:

Like many other things, exercise may keep you safe. Some physicians think that inactive individuals are more likely to develop lipomas.

Adiposis dolorosa:

It is a condition characterised by lipomas, or fatty tissue folds exerting pressure on nerves, leading to pain. This condition is particularly prevalent among women aged 35 to 50, especially those who are overweight or obese.

Effective Methods to Prevent Lipoma

Although lipomas are not always prevented, people might lower their chance of getting these fatty lumps by adopting specific lifestyle choices and habits. Here are prevention options:

Avoid alcohol:

By reducing your alcohol consumption, you can reduce your chance of these tumours resulting from Madelung's disease.

Exercise and a nutritious diet:

Maintaining a healthy lifestyle requires eating a balanced diet and doing frequent exercise. A diet consisting of fruits, vegetables, and lean meats, together with regular exercise, helps regulate weight and may help avoid the buildup of excessive quantities of adipose tissue.

Minimise Inflammation:

Opt for an anti-inflammatory diet to prevent lipomas by avoiding foods that exacerbate inflammation. Prioritise a balanced diet rich in avocado, orange fruits, vegetables, almonds, spinach, garlic, onions, ginger, turmeric, and olive oil. Limit refined sugar intake and avoid a high-fat diet, as these can stimulate tumour growth.

Drinking plenty of water:

Being well hydrated is essential for overall health, which includes maintaining healthy fat tissue. Maintaining adequate hydration supports the body's metabolic processes and may prevent the unchecked growth of fat cells.

Periodic Medical Checkups:

Regular checkups with a doctor can help identify any abnormal growths or changes in the body at an early stage. Detecting lipomas early on can make treatment options less invasive and more straightforward.

Different Treatment Options for Lipoma Treatment

Typically, a lipoma doesn't require treatment unless it causes you discomfort. Nevertheless, to ensure that the benign tumour isn't developing or changing in any manner, your doctor would advise setting up routine examinations.

Your doctor could advise having the lipoma removed if it is causing you discomfort, irritating you, or if it is developing.

Surgery is the only kind of treatment that can totally eradicate the lipoma. It makes sense to get the lipoma removed when it is still little if you decide to do so. The larger the lipoma, the more difficult it is to remove.

In the event that a lipoma requires intervention, various lipoma treatment options are available, ranging from conservative approaches to surgical removal.

Lipoma Treatment Without Surgery:

For smaller lipomas or those in less conspicuous areas, non-surgical options may be explored. Steroid injections can help reduce the size of the lipoma, although this may not provide a permanent solution. Liposuction is another non-surgical method where the fatty lump is suctioned out through a small incision.

Surgical Removal:

Surgical removal is frequently advised when the lipoma is large, expanding quickly, or causing discomfort. During this procedure, an incision is made, the lipoma is extracted, and the wound is closed with stitches. Surgery is considered an effective and definitive course of treatment, even if scarring may occur.

Lipoma Tumor Removal:

While the term "tumour" may arouse anxiety, it's crucial to emphasise that lipomas are usually not malignant. In this situation, the unexpected development of fatty tissue is called a "tumour”. The primary way of treating lipoma tumours is surgical removal.


In conclusion, successful therapy and prevention of lipoma depend on an awareness of its cause. Maintaining a healthy diet and being proactive in obtaining medical attention for any unexpected growth will help improve the result, even though age and genetics play a considerable effect.

The availability of a range of treatment alternatives, including lipoma tumour removal and lipoma treatment without surgery, gives people options catered to their unique circumstances. The likelihood of a favourable outcome is increased with early discovery and action, regardless of whether lipoma therapy is chosen without surgery or through surgery. When it comes to managing lipomas, awareness and knowledge are invaluable resources that enable people to make well-informed decisions regarding their health.