Understanding the Risks and Side Effects of Pregnancy Pills



Oral contraceptives, sometimes called birth control pills or pregnancy pills, have revolutionised family planning and given women a dependable way to avoid unintended births. These tablets include hormones that thicken cervical mucus, restrict ovulation, and change the uterine lining to stop conception. Even though most women find pregnancy tablets safe and helpful, they have some side effects. To assist women in choosing the best kind of contraception, we will examine the possible pregnancy pills side effects and its hazards in this article.

What Are Pregnancy Pills?

There are several varieties of pregnancy tablets on the market, and they all contain various hormone combinations. Typical illustrations include:

Combination Pills:

These tablets combine the hormones progestin and oestrogen. They come in various formulations, including monophasic (fixed hormone dose throughout the cycle) and multiphasic (changing hormone doses). They are the type of pregnancy pill that is most frequently administered.

Progestin-Only tablets (Mini Pills):

These tablets, which only contain progestin hormone, are frequently advised for women who should avoid or cannot take oestrogen. Usually, they are taken continuously throughout the day.

Extended or Continuous Use Pills:

These medications let women postpone their monthly periods while reducing menstruation frequency. They are either progestin-only or comprise a mix of hormones.

What Are The Potential Risks Associated With Pregnancy Pills?

Following are some of the risks of pregnancy pills:

Increased Blood Clot Risk:

Venous thromboembolism or a blood clot is among the most common issues associated with pregnancy medications. According to a study, numerous pregnancy drugs, particularly those with higher oestrogen levels, may raise the risk of blood clots.

Cardiovascular Risks:

When using oestrogen-containing pills, women who smoke, have high blood pressure or have a history of cardiovascular disease are particularly at risk for cardiovascular issues like stroke and heart attack.

Breast Cancer:

As per studies, women who use hormonal contraceptives may be more likely to develop breast cancer, even though the results are ambiguous. Even though the overall danger is thought to be minimal, the relationship between the two is nevertheless complex and nuanced.

There is a small chance that pregnancy pills can cause liver issues such as benign liver tumours, liver cancer, or liver damage. Women with pre-existing hepatic conditions should exercise caution and see their doctor before starting hormonal contraception.

What Are The Pregnancy Pills Side Effects?

Pregnancy pills side effects include the following:


When using pregnancy drugs for the first time, many women suffer minor nausea or infrequent vomiting. As the body becomes used to the hormones, this adverse effect frequently disappears within a few weeks.

Breast Tenderness:

Some women may experience swollen or more sensitive breasts. This ailment often lasts for a short while and becomes better with time.


One potential adverse effect of pregnancy drugs is headaches, which can include migraines. Women who have severe or recurrent headaches must speak with their doctor.

Unusual Bleeding:

Even though pregnancy tablets are designed to control menstrual cycles, some women may suffer breakthrough bleeding or spotting, particularly in the first few months of pill use. However, this should disappear as the body gets used to the hormones.

Some potential long-term effects associated with pregnancy pill usage include:

Bone Density:

According to research, long-term users of pregnancy tablets may have a modest decline in bone density. Once the pill is stopped, this impact seems to disappear, but women with pre-existing osteoporosis or other bone-related disorders should speak with their doctor.

Reproductive Health and Fertility:

Pregnancy pills do not lead to infertility. After stopping the pills, fertility may take some time to recover to normal. Regular ovulation and menstruation may not resume for several months in certain circumstances.

Are There Any Severe Pregnancy Tablet Side Effects?

A rash, itching, swelling of the face or neck, breathing difficulties, or an allergic response are all possible symptoms. Hence, it is important to seek medical assistance immediately if any symptoms appear.

Pregnancy medications may cause serious adverse effects that necessitate prompt medical attention. These could include excruciating chest pain, terrible headaches, severe stomach discomfort, eyesight issues, or shortness of breath.

These signs and symptoms should be handled as a medical emergency since they might point to a potentially catastrophic problem, including a blood clot or cardiovascular issue.

What Are The Risks Of Taking Pregnancy Pills In Pregnancy?

When a woman is already carrying a child, she should never use pregnancy drugs. Although the hormones in pregnancy tablets are often considered safe for contraceptive usage, they may harm an unborn child.

What are the Considerations for High-Risk Individuals?

Pregnancy medications may put certain people at a higher risk of problems or negative side effects. If any of the following circumstances exist, it is critical to think about alternate contraceptive methods or get medical advice:

History of Blood Clots:

Women who have had blood clots in the past or have a family history of clotting issues may want to stay away from pregnancy tablets that contain oestrogen and instead use treatments that solely use progestin.

Cardiovascular Disease:

To reduce possible hazards, women having any heart disease, high blood pressure, or strokes should talk with a doctor about contraceptive alternatives.

Smoking and Age:

Smoking increases the risk of cardiovascular problems in women over 35 taking pregnancy medications. In certain circumstances, alternative contraceptive techniques could be more appropriate.

What Are the Precautions and Safety Measures for Using Pregnancy Pills?

Pregnancy supplements come with some adverse effects. Thus it's critical to:

Consult a Doctor:

Before beginning any hormonal type of contraception, it is crucial to book a gynaecologist consultation that can help evaluate your health, go through potential dangers, and suggest the best contraceptive option.

Regular Checkups:

Regular follow-up sessions or gynaecologist consultation help to track the success of pregnancy tablets, evaluate any anti-pregnancy pills side effects and address any worries.

Lifestyle Factors:

Leading a healthy lifestyle can help lower the risks linked with pregnancy pills. Try exercising regularly, eating a balanced diet, and abstaining from smoking.

Why Seek Medical Advice?

Because every woman has a different physique, what works for one woman might not work for another. It's crucial to seek medical help if a woman has severe pregnancy tablet side effects or worries. A healthcare professional can assist in investigating other contraceptive methods that might be more suited to specific requirements and situations.


Pregnancy tablets have helped empower women to assume responsibility for their conceptive well-being. Even though they are frequently secure and proficient, knowing about any risks or adverse results that can emerge from utilising them is significant. Women might settle on accomplished prophylactic choices by being educated and having open discussions with medical care experts, ensuring the best outcome for their general well-being and prosperity.