Understanding the Circumcision Procedure: A Comprehensive Guide

representation of circumcision surgery

For years circumcision has been a procedure involving the removal of the foreskin from the penis. Various factors such as beliefs, cultural traditions, and medical reasons contribute to its practice. It is crucial for those considering this procedure to comprehend its process, significance, and potential consequences. In this guide, we will delve into the step-by-step execution of circumcision, address any concerns associated with it, and provide information on where one can undergo this operation.

How is Circumcision Done?

Circumcision Procedure:

The circumcision procedure typically involves several steps, beginning with preparation and concluding with aftercare. Here's a detailed breakdown:


Before the surgery, the patient's medical history is reviewed to ensure there are no contraindications.

Anaesthesia is administered to minimize pain during the procedure. Depending on the age of the patient, local or general anesthesia may be used.

Cleaning and Sterilization

The genital area is cleaned and sterilized to reduce the risk of infection during and after the surgery.


The patient is positioned on the operating table, and the genital area is exposed to the surgeon.

Foreskin Separation

The surgeon carefully separates the foreskin from the glans using a sterile instrument.


Clamps are applied to the foreskin to restrict blood flow and facilitate the removal process.


Using a scalpel or a specialized circumcision device, the surgeon performs penis foreskin removal.


Any bleeding is controlled, and the wound is inspected to ensure proper removal.


Depending on the technique used, the remaining edges of the skin are stitched or sealed with medical glue.


A sterile dressing is applied to protect the wound and aid in the healing process.

Is Circumcision Necessary for Everyone?

The topic of circumcision is widespread. Debated. It is practiced for religious and medical reasons. There are situations where circumcision may be advised;

  • Medical Conditions: Circumcision may be recommended in cases where there are issues, such as phimosis (a tight foreskin), recurring infections or conditions that impact the urinary system.
  • Religious and Cultural Beliefs: Circumcision is a practice in communities, where it is often carried out for religious or cultural reasons, usually shortly after a baby is born.
  • Preventive Health Measures: There have been studies indicating that circumcision might lower the chances of contracting transmitted infections and urinary tract infections.

Complications of Circumcision

Although circumcision is generally regarded as a procedure like any intervention, it does come with some potential risks. There is a possibility of experiencing complications during the process:

Infection: Despite careful sterilization, infections can occur at the incision site.

Bleeding: Excessive bleeding is a rare but potential complication that may require medical attention.

Pain and Discomfort: Managing pain and discomfort after surgery is a practice, and doctors usually prescribe medications to help with that.

Scarring: Scarring is a part of the healing journey, although there are instances where excessive scarring might happen.

Side Effects of Circumcision

Understanding potential side effects is crucial for anyone considering circumcision. Side effects may include:

  • Swelling: Some swelling is normal after the procedure, but persistent or severe swelling should be reported to a healthcare professional.
  • Bruising: Mild bruising may occur around the incision site but should resolve over time.
  • Irritation: The healing process may cause temporary irritation, which can be managed with proper care and hygiene.

Circumcision Recovery Time

Recovery from circumcision varies based on factors such as age, overall health, and the chosen circumcision method. Generally, the following timeline provides an overview:

Immediate Postoperative Period (Day 1-2)

  • Rest and avoid strenuous activities.
  • Keep the genital area clean and dry.
  • Take prescribed pain medications as directed.

First Week

  • Continue to observe good hygiene practices.
  • Avoid sexual activity and refrain from vigorous exercise.
  • Attend follow-up appointments as scheduled.

Second Week

  • Gradually resume normal activities, avoiding excessive physical exertion.
  • Report any signs of infection, increased pain, or unusual swelling to a healthcare provider.

Long-Term Recovery

  • Complete healing may take several weeks.
  • Follow any additional instructions provided by the healthcare provider.

Where Do I Get Circumcision Done?

Choosing a healthcare provider for circumcision is a critical decision. Options include:


Many hospitals provide circumcision services, which surgeons typically conduct. These facilities are equipped with technology. Follow strict medical protocols.


Specialized clinics often specialize in procedures, such as circumcision. Opting for a clinic that has experience in this field ensures that the medical staff is highly knowledgeable about the complexities involved in performing the procedure.

Medical Professionals:

Urologists and pediatric surgeons have the qualifications to carry out circumcision procedures and offer medical care. It is crucial to investigate the credentials and expertise of the healthcare provider when contemplating this option in order to guarantee a successful procedure.

Sunnath Operation:

Certain individuals may choose to undergo a Sunnath procedure, which refers to the circumcision performed in accordance with customs. This operation is typically conducted in environments that follow principles highlighting the significance of religious factors when making this decision.

When adults are thinking about getting circumcised, it's really important to have honest conversations with their healthcare provider. By understanding all the advantages, risks, and other options, they can make a well-informed decision. It's also essential to consider factors and personal preferences in this process.

How to Circumcise at Home?

While it is strongly advised to seek assistance for circumcision, there may be certain situations where individuals consider alternative approaches, such as attempting circumcision at home. It is important to emphasize that attempting a DIY circumcision comes with risks, including complications like infection, excessive bleeding, and improper healing.

Engaging in penis foreskin removal without training and in an unsanitary environment is strongly discouraged. Home-based procedures lack the expertise, sterile conditions, and anesthesia needed for a successful circumcision. Individuals who are considering circumcision should always consult healthcare professionals to ensure their safety and well-being throughout the process.


To sum up, gaining knowledge about the circumcision procedure entails delving into the stages, its necessity, potential complications, and where one can access this intervention. Although there is a chance of complications and side effects, following care and adhering to guidance significantly contribute to a successful recovery. Those contemplating circumcision should engage in dialogue with healthcare professionals, carefully considering the advantages and risks in order to make choices regarding their overall health and well-being.


  1. https://www.allohealth.care/healthfeed/surgeries/circumcision-procedure-step-by-step
  2. https://www.malecircumcision.org/sites/default/files/document_library/MC_manual_2018_chapter_9_0.pdf
  3. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3888996/