Risk Factors for Hernia Development: Understanding What Increases Your Chances

risk factors for hernia development

A hernia is usually a hole-like structure developed in the abdominal part of the body. There are various kinds of hernias that occur in the body, and they occur for different reasons. However, there are certain hernia risk factors that cause them to occur. Also, they occur at any stage of life irrespective of the age of the people. In this article, we shall discuss various reasons for the development of hernia and their preventive measures.

Factors Inducing Hernia Development

Some hernias may develop due to various reasons, and some may occur without any reason.

The most common hernia risk factors are as follows -

• Age

As the person grows older, his muscles tend to weaken. This increases the chances of hernia development.

• Gender

As per the medical studies, the male gender is at a higher position to develop hernia than the females. Their chances of catching the hernia are eight times that of females.

• Chronic Coughing or Straining

People who have the habit of smoking suffer from chronic coughs and straining, due to which they catch hernia more easily than the people who don't smoke.

• Family History

If a person has a close family member or relative who has a hernia, then he has a chance of developing a hernia.

In some people, hernia develops because of the weakening of abdominal muscles prior to birth. Other people may develop hernia due to the age factor and weakening of muscles.

It must be noted that muscles can also weaken due to injury or any other medical condition.

Recognising the Symptoms of Hernia

The symptoms of hernia depend on the types and stages of the hernia development. It is not even necessary that every hernia will show the symptoms of development.

• One of the most common and early symptoms of hernia is a lump that occurs during various activities at various positions and disappears later on.

• The lump can be experienced to come out when you are laughing, lifting some weight, or doing any other physical activity.

• Some people also feel pain or pinching because of the hernia lump.

• In babies, hernia can be seen when they are usually crying, and you will also notice that they are getting irritated due to this condition.

• Some people also feel nausea and bloating due to the hernia lumps.

When Should You Consult A Doctor?

In some cases, the hernia is small and disappears itself. Also, there are no early symptoms of such hernias. They do not cause any irritation, pain, or discomfort. In that case, there is no need to visit the doctor. However, if you notice that your hernia is increasing in size and causing discomfort, then you must consult a doctor for the treatment for hernia. The hernia can cause more symptoms and conditions if it is not treated at the correct time. Therefore, it is always advised to consult a doctor when you experience the early symptoms of hernia.

Some of these symptoms include

  • A noticeable swelling under the skin of the lower abdomen (The swelling might be mild and could disappear when you lie on your back)
  • A burning or aching sensation in the swollen area
  • Discomfort in the abdomen when lifting or bending over
  • A heavy feeling in the abdomen accompanied by constipation or blood in the stool
  • Weakness or pressure in your groin
  • Constipation
  • Heartburn
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Shooting pain in the lower abdomen
  • Vomiting
  • Pain and swelling around the testicles

Reduce Hernia Risk: Prevention of Hernia

Hernias can be prevented by following some basic and simple habits. Some of the measures that aid in the prevention of hernia are as follows -

1. Following a Healthy Lifestyle - You must consume healthy food and do adequate exercises to reduce the risk of hernia. Proper exercise helps our body tone and makes our muscles stronger. However, you must avoid those exercises that put pressure on your abdominal area, such as lifting heavy weights. Also, you must go for regular check-ups if you have any family history of hernia.

2. Cure Constipation - If you have a constipation problem, then you must follow certain measures so that you can avoid it becoming a hernia risk factor. You must consume food rich in fiber, such as green vegetables, nuts, and whole grains, to get relief from constipation. These foods ensure that you do not suffer from such chronic constipation problems.

3. Quit Smoking - Smoking is one of the major causes due to which people develop a hernia. Smoking slows down the process of cell growth in your body and weakens the abdominal lining. It also accumulates toxins around the lung area in your body. Therefore, you must quit or reduce smoking to mitigate the risks of developing a hernia.

4. Maintain Proper Workout Posture - Another common risk factor of hernia development is incorrect posture while doing a workout or lifting weights. You must tighten your muscles and keep your back straight while lifting weights. You must learn the correct posture of every workout activity you are doing. These basic steps can help you to maintain correct posture and reduce the risks of hernia.

Treatment for Hernia

The only way to treat a serious hernia is surgery. The doctor decided whether it was necessary to perform the surgery to treat hernia. The kind of surgery the doctor suggests for treating a hernia depends on the type and the stage of your hernia.

If the symptoms of a hernia are not severe, the doctor may advise you to wait for the hernia to disappear. In this case, you must report to the doctor if your hernia symptoms become severe.

Final Thoughts

You need to understand the risk factors and symptoms of hernia. Your lifestyle, such as eating habits, working out, and so on, plays a significant role in reducing the risks of hernia. Other risk factors such as age, gender, and family history also play an important role in the hernia development. You must go for a check-up if you experience any of the symptoms of hernia and follow the treatment for hernia as suggested by your doctor.