Natural Home Remedies and Self-Care Tips for Anal Fissure Relief



Anal fissures can make daily life uncomfortable and painful. But, there are home remedies for anal fissures that can provide relief. In this article, we'll discuss what an anal fissure is, its causes, symptoms, home remedies, and practical prevention tips. Without solely relying on anal fissure medicine or other medical treatments, you can ease pain and promote healing by following these easy steps.

What is an Anal Fissure?

A small crack or tear in the skin around the anus is an anal fissure. It can happen for several reasons. These include diarrhea, constipation, or severe bowel movement straining. It is also possible for the affected area to swell up and become painful. Anal fissures can affect anyone, but people with bad eating habits, unhealthy lifestyles, or inflammatory bowel disorders, are more likely to develop them.

Causes of Anal Fissures

The following are some common causes of anal fissures.

  • Constipation and hard stools: Anal fissures can develop due to strain experienced during bowel movements when stool becomes hard and difficult to pass.
  • Diarrhea or loose stools: Frequent bowel movements with loose stools might irritate the anal area and increase the chances of fissures.
  • Excessive straining: When you use too much pressure when passing stool, fissures may develop.
  • Inflammatory bowel diseases: Due to persistent digestive tract inflammation, conditions like Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis might increase the chance of developing anal fissures.

Symptoms of Anal Fissures

If you want to treat your anal fissure, it is essential to recognize its symptoms. The following symptoms are closely related to this condition:

  • Pain during bowel movements: The most prevalent symptom of an anal fissure is pain, especially during bowel movements. This pain is often described as sharp, burning, or stinging in nature. It is usually felt during and after passing stool and may persist for some time afterwards.
  • Bright red blood in stool or on toilet paper: Bright red blood on the stool's surface or on the toilet paper after wiping is another symptom of anal fissures. The small blood vessels around the anus, which may be affected by the fissure-induced skin rip or crack, are where the blood comes from.
  • Itching or irritation around the anus: There may be irritation, itching, and persistent discomfort in the anal area.
  • Visible crack or tear in the skin: In some cases, a visible crack or tear in the skin around the anus can be observed. This may appear as a small, elongated opening near the anal opening. The fissure may be accompanied by swelling or inflammation in the surrounding area.
  • Discomfort or pain between bowel movements: Anal fissures can also cause discomfort or pain in the anal region between bowel movements. This lingering discomfort can make sitting or carrying out daily activities difficult.

Natural Home Remedies and Self-Care Tips for Anal Fissure Relief

The following home remedies for anal fissures and self-care tips help relieve anal fissures. But, it's essential to seek medical advice for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan:

1. Softening the Stool:

  • Stay hydrated: To stay hydrated and soften the stool, drink enough water throughout the day. Aim for 8 glasses of water or more each day.
  • Increase fiber intake: Include fruits, vegetables, and whole grains in your diet. These help in bulking up the stool. Plus, it will promote regular bowel movements.
  • Over-the-Counter stool softeners: Stool softeners may help to soften the stool temporarily, but it's vital to take them as directed by your doctor or medical advisor.

2. Promoting Healing and Reducing Pain:

  • Warm sitz baths: Sit in a basin or bathtub with warm water to take in warm sitz baths. As a result, the anal area will be soothed, inflammation will be reduced, and healing will be aided. Aim for 15-20 minutes of soaking twice a day.
  • Topical treatments: To treat the anus, apply a thin layer of petroleum jelly or aloe vera gel. These may lessen irritability, act as a barrier of protection, and promote healing.
  • Herbal remedies: Some herbal creams with calendula or chamomile as an ingredient may be anti-inflammatory and aid healing. To ensure safety and effectiveness, you should consult a healthcare provider before using herbal remedies.

3. Pain Relief:

  • Over-the-Counter pain relievers: Over-the-counter painkillers like acetaminophen or ibuprofen can help reduce pain and discomfort if prescribed by your healthcare provider. Follow the recommended dosage and usage instructions.
  • Cold Compress: Applying a cold pack or ice wrapped in a cloth to the affected area for short periods can temporarily numb the area and relieve pain. Cover the cold pack or ice in a cloth to avoid direct skin contact.

Prevention of Anal Fissure

Do you want to prevent anal fissures? Then, following the below-mentioned habits and tips might help you.

1. Maintain a healthy lifestyle:

  • Eat a balanced diet: Eat fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. This encourages regular bowel movements and prevents constipation.
  • Regular exercise: Regular engagement in exercise helps promote healthy digestion and bowel function.
  • Avoid prolonged sitting: Sitting long should be avoided as it may cause constipation. Take periodic breaks, stretch, and move around.

2. Good bathroom habits:

  • Respond promptly to bowel urges: When you feel the urge to have a bowel movement, respond promptly. Delaying bowel movements can lead to harder stools and increased straining.
  • Gentle cleansing: Clean the anal area gently with water or a light cleaner after bowel movements. Don't use harsh soaps or wipes that may irritate the area.
  • Use soft toilet paper or moist wipes: Choose wet wipes or soft toilet paper over hard or perfumed ones since they may be less harsh to the anal area.

3. Manage underlying conditions:

  • Address Constipation or Diarrhea: If you experience frequent constipation or diarrhea, seek medical advice to identify and address the underlying causes. Please make adequate dietary adjustments or medications as recommended.


Anal fissures can be relieved and their recurrence prevented by adopting these natural home remedies and anal fissure self-care routines into your everyday life. It is crucial to consult a healthcare provider in case of severe or persistent symptoms. You can effectively manage anal fissures with the correct care and lifestyle changes, leading to increased comfort and well-being.