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Every person at some point in their lives has had days where they find themselves lying on their backs, with their hands on their stomach complaining of bloating or gas. Stomach gas is inevitable and can be seen in both children and adults and its frequency and intensity varies from person to person.
In this article, we will discuss the causes of stomach bloating. However, before we dive into the causes of stomach bloating, let us understand what stomach bloating means.
Bloating is caused due to excess gas that does not leave the stomach and in turn causes pain and discomfort. The gastrointestinal tract (GI) gets filled up with air or gas which is formed when undigested food gets broken down in the stomach. Burping and the passing of flatulence are two ways by which excess gas is released from the body.
According to a study done by the University of North Carolina, abdominal bloating is directly related to more sick leaves, frequent doctor appointments and overall deteriorating health. That being said, let us now discuss the common causes of a bloated stomach:
Digestive disorders: Digestive disorders like ulcerative colitis, constipation, etc are one of the most common causes of stomach gas.
Eating too much: There is excess food that is unable to get digested in the stomach which leads to stomach bloating.
Eating too fast: When eating too fast, we tend to swallow more air which if unreleased, can cause stomach bloating.
Allergies: Allergies to certain food items can cause lead to the accumulation of gas in the stomach which in turn causes stomach bloating.
Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth (SIBO): Due to high levels of abnormal bacteria living the digestive tract, the abdomen can fall prey to bloating.
Hormonal Imbalances: Hormonal imbalances like thyroid dysfunctions, periods, etc can cause stomach bloating.
Fluid retention: In some cases, the excess fluids in the body accumulate near the abdomen or pelvic area which can cause temporary stomach bloating.
Bowel obstruction: Bowel obstruction can be caused by a scar tissue or a tumor in the small intestine or colon which in turn leads to stomach bloating.
Excess salt: High levels of sodium in your diet can lead to severe health issues one of which include stomach bloating.
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