How Does Liposuction Work?


Liposuction is a medical technique that uses suction equipment to remove extra body fat from certain body parts. The tummy, hips, thighs, neck—and arms can all be fat-free. Using liposuction, these areas can also be contoured. Liposuction is also known as Lipoplasty and body sculpting.

It employs suction to get rid of fat from particular body parts, like the thighs, hips, buttocks, stomach, neck, or arms. These areas are also shaped by liposuction surgery. Contouring is the name of that process. Liposuction is also known as lipoplasty and body sculpting.

Lipo surgery is not considered a general weight-loss technique or substitute. Overweight people can lose a greater amount of weight with diet, exercise—and other types of surgery than they can through liposuction.

Procedure of Liposuction Surgery

Your surgeon will examine your medical history and enquire about any existing medical concerns. Let the surgeon know if you take any medications, dietary supplements, or herbal remedies. You should cease taking some medications, such as blood-thinning medications or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), for a minimum of a week before surgery, per your surgeon's advice. A few lab tests might also be required of you before the treatment.

Before the procedure

Before the procedure, the surgeon could draw circles and lines on the areas of your body that will undergo Liposuction. Photos may also be taken in order to contrast before-and-after images.

How your liposuction surgery is performed will depend on the technique used. Your surgeon will determine the best course of action based on your treatment goals, the area of your body that has to be treated—and whether you've had previous liposuction procedures.

  • Liposuction with suction assistance – The most popular kind of liposuction is this one. The surgeon injects a solution of salt water and two medications into the affected area. Fat loss is aided by saline water. One drug reduces pain. The other medication narrows the blood arteries. A thin tube is then inserted beneath the skin by the surgeon after making a few minor incisions in the skin. A vacuum attached to the tube draws fluids and fat from the body.
  • Liposuction using ultrasound assistance (UAL) – Sometimes, this kind of liposuction procedure is combined with regular liposuction. The surgeon inserts a metal rod that delivers a particular type of energy under the skin during UAL. This energy breaks down the fat for simpler removal and opens the fat-cell walls.
  • Liposuction using laser assistance (LAL) - When performing LAL, the surgeon makes a tiny skin incision and inserts a laser fiber to dissolve fat deposits. A tiny tube is then used to extract the fat.
  • PAL, or power-assisted liposuction - A quick-moving, narrow tube is used in this kind of liposuction procedure. The vibration makes removing challenging fat easier and quicker for the surgeon. Sometimes, PAL may result in decreased discomfort and edema. Additionally, it might make the surgeon's fat removal more precise. If a significant amount of fat needs to be surgically removed or if you've undergone liposuction in the past, the surgeon may opt for this method.

During the procedure

During the procedure, the surgical team keeps an eye on your heart rate, blood pressure—and blood oxygen level. Inform your surgeon if you have pain while under local anesthesia. There may be a need to modify the drug or method. Depending on the amount of fat being removed, the treatment could take up to several hours.

If general anesthesia was used, you would awaken in a recovery area. Normally, you'll stay in a clinic or hospital for at least a few hours so your medical staff can monitor your recuperation. You might stay overnight if you've had excessive liquid removed to ensure you aren't dehydrated or experiencing a fluid shock.

Following the procedure

After the treatment, you might anticipate some pain, swelling, and bruising after the treatment. Your surgeon can prescribe you medication to help manage the discomfort and reduce the chance of infection. The medical professional may leave your wounds open after the treatment or insert temporary drains to aid fluid expulsion from your body.

To help with edema reduction following surgery, the majority of people must wear tight clothing. These clothes, which are also known as compression clothes, are worn for a couple of weeks. Before returning to work, you might need to wait a couple of days. However, you may resume your regular activities, including exercise, but it might take a few weeks.

Liposuction Doctor consultation

Liposuction surgery is carried out by a plastic surgeon. Choose a surgeon who has received specialized training and has a lot of experience, and is board certified. The finest outcomes are often obtained from a plastic surgeon connected to a significant medical facility.

At what points do patients choose liposuction?

Patients who have trouble losing body fat through exercise and healthy eating may benefit from liposuction. When liposuction is done on:

  • Abdomen
  • Ankles and calves
  • Chin, neck, and chest
  • Higher arms
  • Gynecomastia therapy or breast reduction

The volume and size of body fat cells grow as a result of weight gain—and liposuction can assist in reducing the number of fat cells in a specific area. The alterations to the body's contour are also irreversible if the weight stays constant.

If any of the following occur following your liposuction procedure, call your healthcare provider:

  • Intense or persistent pain.
  • Swelling.
  • Your surgical site is oozing blood or fluid.
  • The flu.
  • Chest discomfort or breathlessness.


Bleeding and reactions to anesthesia are two potential hazards of liposuctions. The swelling usually goes away a few weeks after lipo surgery. The treated region ought should appear less bulky at this point. Expect the treated region to look smaller after a few months.

Skin loses some rigidity as we age, but if you keep your weight stable, liposuction results typically persist for a long time. Your fat levels might alter if you gain weight following liposuction. No matter which areas were first treated, you can put on weight in the area surrounding your midsection.