Hernia Symptoms in Women and Men



Hernias are somewhat common illnesses that may affect men and women equally. However, the widespread belief that hernias are predominantly a "man's problem" contributes to a lack of awareness of hernia symptoms in women.

It is critical to recognise that hernias can occur in women, and recognising the similarities and variations in hernia symptoms between men and women can assist in early diagnosis and proper treatment. In this post, we'll examine the hernia symptoms in men and women and the significance of speaking with a hernia surgeon for an accurate diagnosis and course of treatment.

What Is a Hernia?

A hernia arises when an internal organ or fatty tissue pushes through a weak point in the muscular wall. Given the position and type of hernia, this might result in discomfort and suffering. Our muscular tissue may weaken and lose flexibility as we age, increasing the probability of developing a hernia.

Hernias can arise in the belly, groyne, or upper thigh, among other places on the body, and they might show various symptoms depending on gender. While hernias can develop at any age, they are more prevalent in adults, particularly those involved in physically demanding activities or with a history of heavy lifting.

Hernia Symptoms in Women

Hernias in women can often present with different symptoms compared to men. Women need to be aware of these symptoms to seek medical attention promptly. Common hernia symptoms in women include:

  • Bulge: A visible bulge in the abdominal or groyne region may emerge in many situations. This bulge is frequently more noticeable when performing tasks that raise intra-abdominal pressure, such as coughing, sneezing, or carrying heavy things.
  • Pelvic Pressure: Some women may feel pressure or a dragging sensation in the pelvic region, particularly during activities that strain the abdominal muscles.
  • Pain during Intercourse: In certain cases, hernias can cause discomfort or pain during sexual intercourse due to pressure on the surrounding tissues.
  • Abdominal Discomfort: Women with a hernia may experience abdominal pain or discomfort, which can vary in intensity. The pain may worsen with physical exertion or prolonged standing.

Hernia Symptoms in Men

Men, too, experience specific symptoms associated with hernias. These symptoms may differ from those observed in women. The most common form of hernia in males is an inguinal hernia, which arises in the groyne region. Key indicators of hernias in men include:

  • Groin Pain: Men with a hernia often report pain or aching in the groin area, especially when bending, coughing, lifting heavy objects or engaging in physical activity. This pain may radiate into the lower abdomen or testicles.
  • Swelling or Bulge: Similar to women, men with an inguinal hernia may notice a visible bulge in the groin or scrotum. The bulge may become more prominent when straining or standing for extended periods.
  • Urinary Issues: Hernias can cause urinary symptoms such as frequent urination or a weak urine stream. These symptoms occur due to pressure on the urinary structures.
  • Testicular Discomfort: Hernias in men can lead to discomfort or a persistent aching or burning sensation in the groin or scrotum, which may be exacerbated by prolonged standing or strenuous activity. This discomfort may be intermittent or persistent.

Consulting a Hernia Surgeon

If you experience any symptoms suggestive of a hernia, it is crucial to consult a surgeon. Hernias do not resolve on their own and can potentially worsen over time. Here are a few reasons why consulting a hernia surgeon is essential:

Minimising Complications: Hernias can potentially cause complications, such as strangulation or incarceration, where the trapped organ or tissue becomes deprived of blood supply. Prompt evaluation and intervention by a surgeon can help minimise the risk of complications and prevent further health issues.

Surgical Expertise: An expert has the knowledge and ability to conduct the treatment safely and successfully if surgical repair is required. They can walk the patient through the whole procedure, explaining the surgical technique, potential risks, and projected outcomes.

Precise Diagnosis: Hernias can be difficult to diagnose precisely, especially when the symptoms are moderate or intermittent. A doctor is qualified to undertake a comprehensive examination, evaluate medical history, and order further tests as needed to confirm the diagnosis.

Tailored Treatment Plan: Each hernia situation is unique, and a hernia surgeon can create a customised treatment strategy based on the patient's symptoms, medical history, and lifestyle variables. They can advise on the best course of action, whether cautious waiting, conservative management, or surgical repair.

Treating a Hernia

The treatment depends on various factors, including the type, size, and hernia symptoms experienced. Sometimes, small hernias that are not causing any symptoms may not require immediate intervention. The hernia surgeon may recommend a waiting approach with regular monitoring to ensure the hernia does not progress.

However, surgical intervention may be necessary if the hernia is causing discomfort, pain, or other symptoms that affect daily activities. The surgical options for treating a hernia include:

1. Herniorrhaphy: This traditional open surgery involves making an incision near the hernia site to push the protruding organ or tissue back into place. The surgeon then reinforces the weakened muscle or tissue with stitches or a mesh to prevent recurrence.

2. Laparoscopic: In this minimally invasive procedure, the surgeon makes several small incisions and inserts a thin tube with a camera (laparoscope) and specialised surgical tools. The hernia is repaired using small instruments, and a mesh may be placed to reinforce the weakened area.

3. Robotic-Assisted Hernia Repair: Robotic-assisted surgery utilises advanced robotic technology to enhance precision and agility during the procedure. The surgeon controls robotic arms to perform the surgery, resulting in smaller incisions and potentially faster recovery.

The surgical procedure used is determined by various criteria, including the kind of hernia, its size, location, and the surgeon's experience. Based on your specific condition, your doctor will discuss your options with you and propose the best method.


Hernias can occur in both men and women. However, the symptoms and appearance may differ. Women must be aware of any hernia symptoms they may be experiencing, such as clear bulges, stomach discomfort, pelvic pressure, or pain during intercourse. Conversely, men often complain of groyne pain, swelling or a protrusion in the groyne or scrotum, testicular unease, or urinary problems. If you feel you have a hernia, you should see a hernia surgeon once. They can provide a precise diagnosis, examine treatment choices, and walk you through the best care approach for you.

Remember that hernias do not resolve independently and may worsen over time if left untreated. Whether you require surgical intervention or a watchful waiting approach, your hernia surgeon will recommend the most suitable course of action based on your specific condition. You can effectively manage hernias and minimise any associated discomfort or complications by seeking timely medical attention and receiving proper treatment.