All You Need to Know About Total Hip Replacement

total hip replacement surgery

For those with significant hip joint degeneration, complete hip replacement surgery, commonly referred to as total hip arthroplasty, is a medical operation intended to reduce pain and increase mobility. Many who suffer from crippling hip issues now have a new lease on life because of this increasingly popular and effective surgical technique.

We will explore all the details of total hip replacement in this extensive guide, including the kinds, prices, and important things to think about before deciding to have this surgery.

What is Total Hip Replacement Surgery?

The goal of a total hip replacement surgery is to replace a diseased or damaged hip joint with an artificial implant. The acetabulum, or pelvic socket, and the head of the femur, or thigh bone, come together to form the hip joint, which is a ball and socket joint. Severe discomfort, stiffness, and decreased movement may arise from diseases such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, or fractures that impair this joint.

The injured hip joint components are removed during surgery and replaced with prosthetic pieces. A metal or ceramic ball that replaces the femoral head and a metal socket that is placed into the pelvis make up the standard artificial implant.

Different Types of Hip Replacements

Several types of hip replacements exist, each catering to different patient needs and conditions. The two primary categories are:

1. Traditional Total Hip Replacement: In this popular technique, prosthetic components are used to replace both the acetabulum and the femoral head. Materials for the prosthetics might be made of ceramic, metal, or both. For patients with severe osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, or other disorders causing considerable hip joint degeneration, a traditional complete hip replacement is frequently advised. The procedure aims to restore the natural biomechanics of the hip joint, providing relief from pain and improving overall joint function.

2. Hip Resurfacing: This alternative to traditional total hip replacement involves preserving more of the patient's natural bone. In hip resurfacing, the damaged surface of the femoral head is trimmed and capped with a metal covering, while the acetabulum is fitted with a metal cup. This procedure is often considered for younger, more active patients with strong bone quality, as it allows for future revisions if needed. The goal is to delay the need for a complete hip replacement by conserving more of the patient's original bone structure.

3. Partial Hip Replacement (Hemiarthroplasty): In cases where the damage is limited to the femoral head and the acetabulum remains relatively healthy, a partial hip replacement may be recommended. Also known as hemiarthroplasty, this procedure involves replacing only the damaged femoral head with a prosthetic component, leaving the natural acetabulum intact. Partial hip replacement is commonly performed in instances of hip fractures, particularly in older adults. While it may not be as common as total hip replacement, it offers a less invasive option for specific hip conditions.

Average Cost of Hip Replacement Surgery in India

In India, hip replacement surgery costs between Rs. 3.00 lakhs and Rs. 3.50 lakhs. It's important to recognise that there might be pricing variations, though, since things like hospital locations across different cities could impact them. Pre-operative evaluations, the actual surgical operation, hospital accommodation, post-operative care, and rehabilitation services are all included in this price range.

To obtain precise and tailored cost estimates based on individual circumstances, patients should engage in detailed discussions with healthcare providers, considering the specific nuances of their situation and the healthcare facilities involved.

Difference Between Total and Partial Hip Replacement

The primary difference between total and partial hip replacement lies in the extent to of the joint is replaced during surgery.

Total Hip Replacement:

  • Involves replacing both the femoral head and the acetabulum with prosthetic components.
  • Commonly recommended for individuals with severe arthritis or other extensive hip joint damage.
  • Provides comprehensive relief from pain and improved joint function.

Partial Hip Replacement:

  • Involves replacing only the femoral head while preserving the natural acetabulum.
  • Typically performed in cases of hip fractures or when the damage is limited to the femoral head.
  • It may be considered for patients with specific conditions where a full replacement is not necessary.

Whom and When Should You Consult a Doctor?

If you are experiencing persistent hip pain, stiffness, or a noticeable reduction in mobility, it is advisable to consult a healthcare professional. Common symptoms of needing a hip replacement include:

1. Severe Pain: Persistent and severe hip pain, especially during activities like walking or standing, may indicate hip joint damage.

2. Stiffness: Difficulty in moving the hip joint, accompanied by a sensation of stiffness, can be a sign of underlying issues.

3. Limited Range of Motion: If you find it challenging to perform daily activities due to restricted hip movement, it's time to seek medical advice.

4. Failed Conservative Treatments: When non-surgical treatments such as medications, physical therapy, and lifestyle modifications fail to provide relief, a doctor may recommend considering hip replacement surgery.

5. X-ray Findings: Radiographic evidence of significant joint damage or arthritis may prompt a physician to suggest hip replacement as a viable solution.

Consulting a doctor early is crucial to assess the severity of your condition and explore conservative treatment options before considering surgery. Orthopaedic specialists can conduct thorough examinations, order imaging tests, and recommend a personalised treatment plan tailored to your specific needs.


Those with incapacitating hip issues now have a very effective option in total hip replacement surgery. To make the best healthcare decisions, you must be aware of the many kinds of hip replacements, the related expenses, and when to see a doctor. By obtaining prompt medical counsel, you or someone you love who is dealing with chronic hip pain or mobility problems may be able to undergo complete hip replacement and lead a more active and pain-free life.