What is Circumcision Surgery: Procedure and Recovery Time

what is circumcision surgery

What is Circumcision Surgery?

Circumcision surgery is a medical procedure that removes the foreskin, which is the skin flap that covers the head of the penis. This surgery is performed for many reasons, including medical difficulties such as phimosis or reoccurring infections, as well as cultural or religious ceremonies. The process includes the removal of the foreskin utilizing various approaches in a surgical environment.

Who Might be Required to Do Circumcision?

For some people, circumcision may be advised or requested in a variety of circumstances:

  • Medical Reasons: For those with disorders like phimosis, in which the foreskin is excessively tight, or for those who frequently have infections behind their foreskin, circumcision becomes a required medical procedure. In these situations, the choice is motivated by the need to take care of certain medical issues and preserve ideal genital health.
  • Religious and Cultural Practices: In many religious traditions, such as Judaism and Islam, circumcision is significant as a ceremony that is both cultural and religious. People in various cultural situations may choose to become circumcised as a way to exhibit their cultural identity and show that they are devoted to the traditions and teachings of their faith.
  • Personal or Parental Preference: Individual decisions may have an impact on the decision to become circumcised. Parents or people may choose circumcision for non-medical reasons, including personal comfort, loyalty to culture, or aesthetic preferences. This demonstrates how subjective decision-making is and how much weight is placed on personal or family choices.
  • Preventive Health Measures: Circumcision may be regarded as a preventative health measure in situations when problems such as phimosis are present. This is especially important when there is a danger associated with tightness in the foreskin, and the operation is considered a preventative measure for preserving general genital health.

What is the Circumcision Procedure?

The specifics of the operation might differ depending on the technique utilized and the age of the person having circumcision. Here's a quick rundown of the circumcision procedure:

  • Preparation: The patient must be positioned on a specially designed table, comfort must be guaranteed, and the vaginal area must be thoroughly cleaned to reduce the danger of infection. By creating a sterile environment for the surgical operation, this crucial phase ensures the best possible results and a speedy recovery after surgery.
  • Techniques: There are several approaches used, each with subtle differences. To control any possible bleeding, the "dorsal slit" procedure involves making an incision on the top side of the foreskin and strategically sewing it. As opposed to this, the "forceps-guided" method clamps the foreskin in place before making the exact incision.
  • Removal of Foreskin: During the surgical procedure, the penis's glans are exposed by carefully removing the foreskin. Suturing the cut edges is carefully considered; non-dissolvable or dissolvable sutures are available as choices to provide a stable closure.
  • Following Care: The patient is monitored in a recovery area for a certain amount of time after the surgery. To support an ideal and complication-free healing process, detailed postoperative care instructions are included. These instructions cover wound care techniques, hygiene maintenance, and certain activity limits.

Recovery Time After Circumcision Surgery

For Adults:

Adult circumcision recovery times vary depending on various factors, including the patient's overall health, the procedure used, and their adherence to post-operative care guidelines. The first healing period typically lasts one to two weeks, during which time patients may experience discomfort, bruising, and swelling. Adults are likely to have bruising, swelling, and discomfort that worsens in the first 48 hours following surgery. It is advised to obtain plenty of rest in the early days and to utilize over-the-counter pain relievers to alleviate any discomfort.

For Children:

Children often recover in 7 to 9 days, which is a quicker recovery period. The postoperative care instructions must be carefully followed by parents or other caretakers, with an emphasis on keeping the treated region dry and clean. Medications prescribed by a doctor may be used to treat children's pain. Scheduling follow-up consultations with medical professionals is essential for tracking the healing process and treating any potential issues.

Follow-up Appointments:

Maintaining appropriate healing and resolving any issues following circumcision surgery requires that you have your planned follow-up sessions with the healthcare professional. Through these check-ups, the physician may keep an eye on the patient's progress toward recovery, evaluate how well postoperative treatment is working, and take appropriate action if issues develop. Frequent follow-ups provide you the chance to address any concerns right away, which greatly improves the procedure's overall success.

What are the Risks Involved in Circumcision?

Circumcision is connected with the following risks:

  • Bleeding: Some bleeding is to be expected following circumcision; however, in rare situations, severe bleeding might occur. This is often treated with pressure or, if necessary, with extra medical intervention.
  • Infection: Infection is a danger, especially if post-operative care recommendations are not strictly followed. Increased redness, swelling, and discharge from the surgical site are all signs of infection.
  • Pain and Discomfort: Although pain and discomfort are frequent following the treatment, they are usually only transient. Proper pain treatment, as prescribed by your healthcare professional, can help you feel better.
  • Swelling and bruising may occur in the vicinity of the surgery site. This is normally a natural component of the healing process and goes away with time.
  • Incomplete Foreskin Removal: In some circumstances, the foreskin may be removed incompletely, necessitating subsequent remedial treatments.
  • Scarring: Although attempts are taken to prevent apparent scarring, scarring may develop. Scarring can vary in severity from person to person.

Can Adults Undergo Circumcision?

Yes, adults can be circumcised.

Anybody thinking about getting an adult circumcision must speak with a urologist or other medical practitioner to go over the advantages, disadvantages, and available options. Depending on the specifics of each situation, a qualified medical expert will often execute the treatment under local or general anesthesia.

There are three primary ways to perform circumcision:

  • Gomco clamp: This is the most used technique for circumcising infants. It utilises a circular clamp that stops circulation to the foreskin to limit bleeding. At the same time, the penis is removed using a scalpel or scissors and a metal device with a cap to protect the penis's head.
  • The Plastibell Method: During this process, the physician places a plastic cap beneath the foreskin over the penis' head. The foreskin is securely wrapped with surgical thread, which stops the tissue's blood flow and causes it to perish. After a few days, the cap is kept in place until it comes off by itself.
  • Mogen clamp: A rabbi created this metal apparatus. Except for the absence of a cap to shield the penis head, it is comparable to the Gomco technique. To stop the bleeding while the foreskin is being removed with a knife, it is stretched and clamped.

Wrapping Up

Surgical accuracy, meticulous planning, and thorough post-operative care are all important aspects of the complex process of circumcision, which takes into account personal preferences, cultural customs, and medical needs. A comprehensive awareness of the procedure's risks and results is essential for people making such a highly personal decision as circumcision. This may be achieved via educated conversations with healthcare providers.


  1. https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/treatments/16194-circumcision
  2. https://www.healthline.com/health/circumcision
  3. https://www.urologyhealth.org/urology-a-z/c/circumcision
  4. https://www.webmd.com/sexual-conditions/circumcision
  5. https://atlanticurologyclinics.com/conditions/circumcision-in-adult-men/