Are Women More Vulnerable To Back Pain?


Six Back Pain Conditions Common In Working Women

Back pain is a common condition. We all have felt it at some point in life. It usually occurs following an injury or strain and subsides on its own. However, for working women with a full-time office job, back pain may prove to be a serious and long-term condition. Studies show that women are more likely to experience back pain, particularly in the lower back, than men are. Although problems related to back pain are typically observed in the postmenopausal age, i.e. above age 50, it may affect women at a young age. The most common causes for this include a sedentary lifestyle, lack of physical activity and stress. Desk jobs require you to sit in one place for a prolonged time. This often leads to muscle and nerve tensions related to posture.

Types of back pain affecting working women

Certain types of back pain are common to working women. These include –

Piriformis Syndrome

Piriformis syndrome refers to the pain originating in the piriformis muscle located deep within the buttocks. This usually occurs due to hormonal or pregnancy-related changes in the pelvis. Piriformis syndrome may compress the sciatica nerve, causing pain and irritation. The condition is characterized by the following symptoms –

  • Chronic pain in the hips that worsens due to repetitive movements
  • Pain when getting out of bed
  • Pain that radiates to the back of your leg and thighs
  • Inability to sit for long

Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction

This is a common cause of pain in working women. The surface area of the sacroiliac joint – the one that connects the bottom of your spine to the pelvis – in women is typically smaller than in men. This results in a higher concentration of stress within the joints. Symptoms of sacroiliac joint dysfunction may include –

  • Pain in the lower back
  • Achy or dull pain in the buttocks
  • Sharp, stabbing pain down the thighs

Sacroiliac joint pain usually intensifies when climbing stairs, or lying or sitting on the affected side.

Spinal Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is common in women. Spinal osteoarthritis leads to the wear and tear of the fibrous cartilage in the facet joints, which connect your vertebrae, causing the bones to rub against one another and initiating pain. Spinal osteoarthritis may trigger –

  • Pain in the lower back, thighs, buttocks, and groin
  • Back pain and stiffness, especially in the morning
  • Occasional flares of severe pain

Degenerative Spondylolisthesis

This refers to a spinal disorder, where the vertebra slips forward onto the bone below it. Degenerative spondylolisthesis is more common in middle-aged women due to low oestrogen levels. Low oestrogen levels cause increased degradation of the vertebral disc and slackening of the ligaments holding the vertebrae together, leading to spinal instability. The condition may cause –

  • Pain while moving around
  • Lower back pain, which radiates to the legs


Coccydynia refers to the pain in your coccyx or tailbone, often caused by persistent irritation from prolonged sitting. The pain is typically observed when –

  • Sitting on hard surfaces
  • Leaning backwards while seated
  • Spinal osteoporosis fractures

Osteoporosis occurs due to low bone density. The condition makes your bones brittle and vulnerable to spinal fractures. Postmenopausal women are more likely to develop osteoporosis fractures than men are. Spinal fractures may cause –

  • Localized, acute back pain, typically in the lower and middle portion
  • Back pain that radiates to the front

If you are dealing with the debilitating symptoms of back pain that do not resolve with time or affect your daily work, do not hesitate to consult a doctor. He/she can help recognize and treat the underlying cause of back pain.

Ways to back pain at work

To prevent or manage back pain at work, you can follow these steps –

  • Improve posture

Balance your weight evenly on the feet when standing. Avoid slouching and keep your thighs parallel to the floor. To improve your posture while sitting, choose a chair that supports the spinal cord. Adjust the height of your chair in a manner that allows your feet to rest flat on the footrest or the floor.

  • Modify repetitive tasks

While working on the computer, ensure that the keyboard, mouse, monitor, and chair are properly positioned. Avoid twisting or bending unnecessarily. Limit the time you spend carrying heavy bags and purses.

  • Pay attention to your body

If your job requires you to sit in a place for a longer period, be sure to shift your position often. Go for walks every 1-2 hours to stretch your legs and relieve muscle tension.Despite a hectic schedule, find some time to exercise at home to relieve back pain. Yoga and pilates are an excellent way to manage chronic back pain. Certain asanas or yoga poses like Bhujangasana, Dhanurasana, and Padmasana can help stretch your spine and muscles, and ease back pain.


Back pain can turn out to be serious if ignored for long. Before it takes a toll on your work and health, get yourself diagnosed and seek medical assistance.


  1. Spine-health
  2. Mayoclinic