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Our health and well being is directly related to the health of the environment we live in. World Health Organisation states that Air, Water and Chemical Hazards kill more than 12.6 million people a year. Most of these deaths occur in developing countries like Asia, Africa and Latin America where environmental pollution takes its biggest health toll.
In India, 2.51 million deaths occur in a year due to pollution related causes. Although efforts are being made by the Government to curb the fatality caused by environmental factors, it is pertinent for every individual to be aware of the lingering danger and the methods to prevent further damage.
2018 has seen a marked increase in the number of health hazards. Read further to know the health hazards that you ought to keep an eye out for.
Air Pollution: Air quality affects the way you live and breathe. Like the weather, it can change every day or sometimes every hour. Air Quality Index is a tool that measures the quality of air that we breathe. Most of the Indian cities lie in the margin of unhealthy levels in the Air Quality Index.
How to avoid being exposed to unhealthy air?
Avoid outdoor activities for a prolonged period of time. Refrain from performing exertive activities outdoors; for eg: any activity that involves intense exertion and deep breathing. Since the quality of air is reaching unhealthy levels, you can safeguard your health by reducing the time spent outside and breathing in polluted air and substituting it with less intensive activity. For eg: instead of going for a run, go for a walk. This will not exert you or make you breathe heavily. Reduce the intensity of your activities when you experience chest discomfort, unusual breathlessness, unusual coughing, wheezing, difficulty in breathing and excessive tiredness.
Water Pollution: We are all victims of consuming contaminated water at some point in our lives. The mix up largely occurs due to a broken sewage pipeline right next to the drinking water pipeline. This is the prime cause of diarrhoea, dysentery and eventually fatal consequences.
How to avoid being exposed to polluted water?
Always make it a point to carry your own bottle of water while heading out of your house. Make sure you always consume boiled and cooled water. Try to consume filtered water as much as possible.
Diseases and Superbugs: Every day there is a new and more powerful disease that is arising. Diseases like Dengue, H1N1, Hepatitis, Tuberculosis, Malaria, Pneumonia are rising at a rapid rate. Indians are specifically at a higher risk for coronary heart disease and atherosclerosis. This is attributed to genetics and lifestyle management. Superbugs are a general term referred to antibiotic drug resistant bacteria and are next in line in terms of detrimental disease.
How to avoid being exposed to Diseases and Superbugs?
Although it is highly impossible to completely avoid being exposed to diseases and superbugs, it is somewhat possible to avoid the fatality of the exposure. Always remember to wash hands before consuming food. Regular flu shots are advised. Self prescribed consumption of antibiotics is strictly prohibited.
Sanitation and Clean Surrounding: Unclean living space and surroundings provides breeding ground for mosquitoes which transmit various diseases like Dengue, Malaria etc. Take initiative to keep your surrounding locality clean and participate in creating awareness of a clean surrounding and empahsize on it's relation to good health.
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