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Many women and young girls suffer from several menstrual disorders and most of them are silent about it. Discomfort in expressing the menstrual issues to family members, the taboo associated with periods, difficulty in accessing healthcare facilities, etc make it very tough for women to deal with these issues. Unfortunately, when they come to seek medical help, it is really late and half the damage is already done.
Problems of the adolescent and young woman include:
- Irregular cycles
- Delayed cycles
- Unexpected pregnancies causing missed periods
- Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)
- Vaginal infections
These issues take a toll on their mental and physical health. Middle aged woman and woman nearing menopause may suffer from excessive menstrual bleeding due to fibroids and hormonal imbalances following pregnancies and labor. Post menopausal bleeding and endometrial cancers are a problem when it comes to an elderly woman. All these problems, collectively deals with the problems of menstruation and have to be addressed right from the birth of a girl child, so that we can prevent all of them at every stage of her life.
A good nutrition with lots of vegetables and iron supplements help in fighting the problem of anemia, which can lead to infections, menstrual irregularities and even severe bleeding at childbirth. Fortified iron salts and fruits are available for consumption these days.
Educating the younger women and adolescents on issues like polycystic ovaries (PCOS/PCOD), irregular cycles, sanitary hygiene and safe sex is a part of our community contribution and it has to be done at the family level, followed by schools and colleges. The taboo associated with menses has to be erased and awareness about menses has to be brought in. Every woman must be encouraged to talk freely to doctors or health workers and seek medical help at a time. They need to be screened for menstrual diseases and cancers regularly and have to be encouraged to visit hospitals more frequently.
Warning symptoms of severe bleeding and prolonged bleeding to screen fibroids, foul-smelling vaginal discharge to screen vaginal infection and cervix cancer, weight gain , irregular cycles, excessive facial hair to screen polycystic ovaries, post menopausal bleeding to screen uterine cancers must be made aware to the common women and men as well.
A woman has to be reassured and made to understand that there is no need for her to suffer silently from menstrual issues and there is always a safe and better treatment for these issues in our country. Modern methods have emerged successfully in saving time, money and energy by methods of early diagnosis and early treatment of these menstrual disorders.
Hence, there is no need to worry about menstrual health and a lady must seek help at the right time, as she has all the rights to lead a better life.
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