Gynecology is a medical term for “the science of women”, dealing mainly with women’s reproductive systems and breasts. Common gynecologic issues faced by women in this area are related to menstrual cycles, PCOS/PCOD (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome/Disease), menopause, thyroid, as well as fertility and pregnancy related difficulties.
PCOS is a common medical condition today . It occurs when a woman’s hormones are out of balance. PCOS can cause problems with your periods and make conceiving difficult for a patient. PCOS can also cause unwanted changes to the patient’s appearance. If it isn’t treated, it can lead to serious health problems such as diabetes and heart disease over time.
Proper physical changes during puberty is very important and it is common for women to feel a few symptoms such as mild bloating or breast soreness before menstruation. But women with premenstrual syndrome, which is the most common menstrual problem, can have a wave of emotional and physical symptoms that start in the second half of the menstrual cycle and end after menstruation begins. It can be also cause acne, headaches, constipation, food cravings, depression, anxiety during or 3-4 days prior to a period.
During periods, women face problems such as heavy periods, painful periods, irregular periods, and abnormal bleeding between periods. Even migraines and headaches can occur during periods.
Menopause, also known as the climacteric, is the time in most women’s lives when menstrual periods stop permanently, and they are no longer able to conceive. It typically occurs between 45 and 55 years of age and may cause sleep difficulties, digestive problems, mood swings, night sweats, and sexual discomforts.
Thyroid disease is a common problem that can cause symptoms because of an overactive or underactive thyroid gland. While symptoms such as fatigue, depression, mood swings, and sleep disturbances are frequently associated with menopause, they may also be signs of thyroid.