To combat cancer, it is very important that we learn as much about this dreaded disease as possible. So, without further ado, let us look at the most common types of cancer-
1. Non-Melanoma Skin Cancer
It is one of the most common forms of cancer and affects a lot of people each year. It can be divided into basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. The signs can be sores that don’t heal, scaly red patches, lumps and growths that are itchy, irritated or painful. Squamous cell carcinoma usually forms on areas of your body that have been repeatedly exposed to sunlight.
2. Breast Cancer
This type of cancer has been affecting women around the globe in large numbers. If you notice a new lump or mass in your breast, armpit, or around your collarbone, you must immediately get it examined by a doctor. Swelling in your breast, irritation, redness or scaliness and any other sudden changes must not be ignored. Signs like nipple discharge that isn’t breast milk and nipple retraction doesn’t always mean you have breast cancer and you must see a doctor to understand the cause better.
3. Lung Cancer
Another common type of cancer is lung cancer and the signs include, a persistent cough that gets worse over time, coughing up blood, shortness of breath, constant chest pain, bone pain, pneumonia or bronchitis, losing weight without trying, not feeling hungry, frequent headaches and blood clots.
Lung cancer doesn’t show symptoms until it’s advanced. If you have any of the above signs, you must see a doctor to get tested for lung cancer and other possible causes, such as asthma.
4. Prostate Cancer
If you have problems urinating, experience pain or a burning sensation during urination, pain in your lower back, thighs, hips, or pelvic area, pressure or pain in your rectum you should consult a doctor. Prostate cancer doesn’t usually cause early warning signs. If you’re a man over age 55, you should talk to your doctor and get tested for the disease.
5. Colon and Rectal Cancers
Excessive weakness and exhaustion, changes in your bowel habits, pain in your stomach or gut, pressure in your rectum or abdomen, blood in your stool, bleeding in your rectum are some of the common signs in this type of cancer.
A mole or mark on the skin that is asymmetrical and different from normal, bleeds or itches can indicate melanoma. It is important to identify the potential signs of skin cancer and having your doctor check your skin once a year, too.
7. Bladder Cancer
Blood in the urine is usually the first sign of bladder cancer. See your doctor immediately because it may as well be a urinary tract infection or an enlarged prostate.
Leukemia is a cancer in the body’s blood-forming tissues. These tissues include bone marrow and the lymphatic system, including the lymph nodes. Because leukemia can affect different parts of the body, signs of the disease can vary from person to person.
9. Endometrial Cancer
Endometrial cancer is a type of uterine cancer that affects the endometrium, which is the lining of the uterus. It is a common type of cancer and postmenopausal women are predominantly affected by it. Lymphoma, Kidney Cancer, Pancreatic Cancer, Thyroid Cancer and Liver Cancer are other common types of cancer.
The key to a proper cancer control plan is early diagnosis and treatment. The main goal is to cure cancer patients or prolong their life, ensuring a good quality of life. Awareness about cancer is vital and can significantly increase the potential for cure. For more information you can always talk to a doctor online on DocsApp.